Interlayer Breathing and Shear Modes in Few-Trilayer MoS2 and WSe2

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Yanyuan Zhao
  • Xin Luo
  • Hai Li
  • Jun Zhang
  • Paulo T. Araujo
  • Chee Kwan Gan
  • Jumiati Wu
  • Su Ying Quek
  • Mildred S. Dresselhaus
  • Qihua Xiong

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1007-1015
Journal / PublicationNano Letters
Volume13
Issue number3
Online published24 Feb 2013
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) layered transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have recently attracted tremendous interest as potential valleytronic and nanoelectronic materials, in addition to being well-known as excellent lubricants in the bulk. The interlayer van der Waals (vdW) coupling and low-frequency phonon modes and how they evolve with the number of layers are important for both the mechanical and the electrical properties of 2D TMDs. Here we uncover the ultralow frequency interlayer breathing and shear modes in few-layer MoS2 and WSe2, prototypical layered TMDs, using both Raman spectroscopy and first principles calculations. Remarkably, the frequencies of these modes can be perfectly described using a simple linear chain model with only nearest-neighbor interactions. We show that the derived in-plane (shear) and out-of-plane (breathing) force constants from experiment remain the same from two-layer 2D crystals to the bulk materials, suggesting that the nanoscale interlayer frictional characteristics of these excellent lubricants should be independent of the number of layers.

Research Area(s)

  • Transition metal dichalcogenides, shear modes, breathing modes, Raman spectroscopy, first principle calculations, linear chain model

Citation Format(s)

Interlayer Breathing and Shear Modes in Few-Trilayer MoS2 and WSe2. / Zhao, Yanyuan; Luo, Xin; Li, Hai; Zhang, Jun; Araujo, Paulo T.; Gan, Chee Kwan; Wu, Jumiati; Zhang, Hua; Quek, Su Ying; Dresselhaus, Mildred S.; Xiong, Qihua.

In: Nano Letters, Vol. 13, No. 3, 13.03.2013, p. 1007-1015.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review