Analyzing the effect of natural gas, nuclear energy and renewable energy on GDP and carbon emissions : A multi-variate panel data analysis

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Original languageEnglish
Article number119592
Journal / PublicationEnergy
Online published15 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2021


Internationally, the importance of clean energy is greatly appreciated in the context of sustainable development and to protect the atmosphere. Therefore, the objective of this article is to determine the effect of natural gas, renewable energy and nuclear energy consumption on economic growth and carbon dioxide emissions in the ten highest CO2 emitting countries within a multivariate context for the duration of 1990–2014. The panel co-integration test, panel fully modified ordinary least squares and panel heterogonous Dumitrescu and Hurlin causality assessment are used to analyze the estimation of long-run elasticity along with the course of causality among the variables. The panel co-integration test confirms the existence of a long-run equilibrium correlation among the variables. The findings of the long run elasticity and causality test reveal that natural gas does not contribute to economic growth and CO2 reduction like nuclear energy and renewable energy. However, except for natural gas, the expansion and improvement of renewable energy and nuclear energy are vital to avoid global warming and climate change as well as to promote economic growth.

Research Area(s)

  • CO2 emission, GDP, Natural gas, Nuclear energy, Renewable energy

Citation Format(s)