A Multibeam End-Fire Magnetoelectric Dipole Antenna Array for Millimeter-Wave Applications

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Original languageEnglish
Article number7453130
Pages (from-to)2894-2904
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number7
Online published15 Apr 2016
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016


A novel substrate integrated waveguide (SIW)-fed end-fire magnetoelectric (ME) dipole antenna is proposed. The antenna consisting of an open-ended SIW and a pair of electric dipoles has a simple structure that can be integrated into substrates conveniently. Both the open-ended SIW and the electric dipoles are effectively radiated together. Excellent performance, including a bandwidth of 44%, symmetrical radiation patterns that are almost identical in two orthogonal planes, low backward radiation, low cross polarizations, stable gain of around 5 dBi, and wide beamwidth of around 110°, are also obtained. An 8 × 8 SIW Butler matrix is then designed. Modifications to the geometry of the matrix provide more spacing to locate SIW phase shifters and phase compensation structures with wide bandwidth. By employing the proposed end-fire ME-dipole antenna array and the 8 × 8 Butler matrix, an eight-beam antenna array is realized. The fabricated prototype demonstrates that wide bandwidth, stable radiation patterns with cross polarizations of less than -28 dB and gain varying from 9 to 12 dBi can be obtained. The proposed multibeam end-fire ME-dipole antenna array would be an attractive candidate for millimeter-wave wireless applications due to its good performance, ease of integration, and low fabrication cost.

Research Area(s)

  • 60 GHz, Butler matrix, end-fire antenna, magnetoelectric (ME) dipole, multibeam antenna, substrate integrated waveguide (SIW)