Does foreign direct investment crowd in or crowd out private domestic investment in China? The effect of entry mode

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

26 Scopus Citations
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  • George S. Chen
  • Yao Yao
  • Julien Malizard


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-419
Journal / PublicationEconomic Modelling
Online published24 Nov 2016
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes


Using quarterly data spanning from 1994Q1 to 2014Q4, we find a neutral relationship between foreign direct investment (FDI) and domestic investment in China. However, when we consider the entry mode chosen by foreign investors, we find that whilst equity joint venture (EJV) crowds in domestic investment, wholly foreign-funded enterprise (WFFE) crowds it out. Our results remain robust under alternative estimators and across different time periods. Based on these results, we argue that the Chinese government needs to actively promote the formation of EJV and uses it as the catalyst for industrial upgrading in the economy.

Research Area(s)

  • Foreign direct investment, Entry mode, ARDL bounds test, Domestic investment, China