Perceptual thresholds of visual size discrimination in augmented and virtual reality

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

1 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-113
Journal / PublicationComputers and Graphics (Pergamon)
Online published5 Oct 2023
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


The perception of size in virtual objects in Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) is a not trivial issue, as the effectiveness of manipulating and interacting with virtual content depends on the accuracy of size perception. However, there are missing straightforward comparisons between VR and AR in terms of size perception for the deep understanding of size perceptual differences. Understanding these perceptual differences can inform designers on how to adapt content when transitioning between these two spatial computing platforms. In this paper, we conducted two psychophysical experiments to measure the perceptual thresholds of size discrimination for virtual objects. Our results indicated that users are more sensitive to size changes in VR than in video see-through AR, suggesting that size differences are easier to be perceived in VR than in AR. Additionally, for increase or decrease of sizes, the accuracy of judgments showed an asymmetric trend in video see-through AR. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Augmented reality, Psychophysical experiment, Size perception, Virtual reality