Array-based high-intensity focused ultrasound therapy system integrated with real-time ultrasound and photoacoustic imaging

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1137-1145
Journal / PublicationBiomedical Optics Express
Issue number3
Online published14 Feb 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2023



High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a promising non-invasive therapeutic technique in clinical applications. Challenges in stimulation or ablation HIFU therapy are to accurately target the treatment spot, flexibly deliver or fast-move focus points in the treatment region, and monitor therapy progress in real-time. In this paper, we develop an array-based HIFU system integrated with real-time ultrasound (US) and photoacoustic (PA) imaging. The array-based HIFU transducer can be dynamically focused in a lateral range of ∼16 mm and an axial range of ∼40 mm via electronically adjusting the excitation phase map. To monitor the HIFU therapy progress in real-time, sequential HIFU transmission, PA imaging, PA thermometry, and US imaging are implemented to display the dual-modal images and record the local temperature changes. Co-registered dual-modal images show structural and functional information and thus can guide the HIFU therapy for precise positioning and dosage control. Besides therapy, the multi-element HIFU transducer can also be used to acquire US images to precisely align the imaging coordinates with the HIFU coordinates. Phantom experiments validate the precise and dynamic steering capability of HIFU ablation. We also show that dual-modal imaging can guide HIFU in the designated region and monitor the temperature in biological tissue in real-time. © 2023 Optica Publishing Group under the terms of the Optica Open Access Publishing Agreement

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