Extending the GMR current measurement range with a counteracting magnetic field

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8042-8059
Journal / PublicationSensors (Switzerland)
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013



Traditionally, current transformers are often used for current measurement in low voltage (LV) electrical networks. They have a large physical size and are not designed for use with power electronic circuits. Semiconductor-based current sensing devices such as the Hall sensor and Giant Magnetoresistive (GMR) sensor are advantageous in terms of small size, high sensitivity, wide frequency range, low power consumption, and relatively low cost. Nevertheless, the operational characteristics of these devices limit their current measurement range. In this paper, a design based on using counteracting magnetic field is introduced for extending the GMR current measurement range from 9 A (unipolar) to ±45 A. A prototype has been implemented to verify the design and the linear operation of the circuit is demonstrated by experimental results. A microcontroller unit (MCU) is used to provide an automatic scaling function to optimize the performance of the proposed current sensor. © 2013 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Research Area(s)

  • Current sensor, Giant magnetoresistance, Helmholtz coil, Linearization, Magnetic field sensor, Physical sensor

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