Deformation mechanisms and fracture toughness of polystyrene/high-density polyethylene blends compatibilized by triblock copolymer

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2024-2033
Journal / PublicationJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2000


A dilatometric technique was used to explore the tensile deformation mechanisms of polystyrene (PS)/high-density polyethylene (HDPE) blends compatibilized by a styrene-ethylene-butylene-styrene (SEBS) triblock copolymer. The volume change of the sample during a uniaxial tensile process was determined with two extensometers, and it provided useful information concerning the tensile deformation mechanism. A simple model was used in this study in order to obtain quantitative information on the separate contributions of several possible deformation modes to the total deformation. The results indicated that elastic deformation was the main deformation mode for PS. However, elastic deformation was the main mode of deformation prior to yielding for SEBS compatibilized PS/HDPE blends; thereafter the plastic deformations (including shear and crazing) appeared to dominate over the elastic deformation. Moreover, crazing was the main plastic deformation mode for the blend containing 20 wt% HDPE, and shear deformation became predominant when the HDPE content was further increased. Finally, the essential work concept was used to determine the fracture toughness of the typical ductile PS/HDPE/SEBS 10/80/10 blends.

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