Modification of SnO2 electron transport Layer : Brilliant strategies to make perovskite solar cells stronger

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Shumin Huang
  • Peiyu Li
  • Qifan Xue
  • Nianqing Fu


Original languageEnglish
Article number135687
Journal / PublicationChemical Engineering Journal
Online published8 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2022


The organic–inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have been emerging as a promising photovoltaic technology with the rapid development of power conversion efficiency (PCE). The electron transport layer (ETL) is found to play a critical role in the PCE, stability and reliability of the solar cells. SnO2, which can be processed at low temperature and possesses the merits of good energy band level and high electron mobility, has been deemed as an excellent alternative ETL material to the classical TiO2. In the past few years, modifications that can finely tailor the morphologies, crystallinity, energy level, electron mobility, conductivity, defects, surface chemical states, and interface condition of SnO2-ETL have contributed dominantly to the fast development of the SnO2-ETL based PSCs. In this review, the recent advances of modified SnO2 as ETLs for PSCs are summarized and the corresponding mechanisms for the performance improvements are comprehensively discussed. Finally, the challenges and the opportunities for the future development of SnO2-ETL based PSCs are proposed.

Research Area(s)

  • Bulk blending, Doping, Electron transport layer, Interface modification, Perovskite solar cells, SnO2