Joint Kinematics and Sealing Capacity Assessment of Ductile Iron Pipes under Abrupt Transverse Ground Movements

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)342-358
Journal / PublicationCanadian Geotechnical Journal
Issue number3
Online published10 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


Joint kinematic behaviour, i.e., joint rotation and axial translation, can partially help pipelines to accommodate abrupt ground movements, and cause leaking if joint service limit is exceeded, even without any structural failure. Kinematic behaviour of bell-spigot jointed ductile iron (DI) pipes and its influence on joint sealing capacity under abrupt transverse ground movements are investigated in this study. Firstly, a beam-on-spring finite element analysis on joint kinematics of DI pipes is conducted, in which different fault-pipe crossing positions are implemented. Based on simulated results, a modified joint kinematic solution incorporating pipe deflection and joint shear force under different fault-pipe crossing positions is proposed. Then, a Monte Carlo simulation (MCS)-based reliability assessment procedure for joint sealing capacity is developed. Sensitivity analysis is subsequently conducted to investigate the effects of uncertainties associated with initial axial translation, soil properties, and crossing positions on the joint sealing capacity, and the effects of different deterministic solutions are compared. The proposed method allows engineers to effectively evaluate how the joint sealing capacity of DI pipes changes with consideration of uncertainties when abrupt transverse ground movements are encountered.

Research Area(s)

  • Bell-spigot joint, Ductile iron pipeline, Joint leaking, Reliability, Strike-slip offset