Rare Energy-Conservative Attractors on Global Invariant Hypersurfaces and Their Multistability

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

6 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations


Related Research Unit(s)


Original languageEnglish
Article number2130007
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2021


A general formalism describing a type of energy-conservative system is established. Some possible dynamic behaviors of such energy-conservative systems are analyzed from the perspective of geometric invariance. A specific 4D chaotic energy-conservative system with a line of equilibria is constructed and analyzed. Typically, an energy-conservative system is also conservative in preserving its phase volume. The constructed system however is conservative only in energy but is dissipative in phase volume. It produces energy-conservative attractors specifically exhibiting chaotic 2-torus and quasiperiodic behaviors including regular 2-torus and 3-torus. From the basin of attraction containing a line of equilibria, the hidden nature of chaotic attractors generated from the system is further discussed. The energy hypersurface on which the attractors lie is determined by the initial value, which generates complex dynamics and multistability, verified by energy-related bifurcation diagrams and Poincaré sections. A new type of coexistence of attractors on the equal-energy hypersurface is discovered by turning the system parameter values to their opposite. The basins of attraction under three sets of parameter values demonstrate that the Hamiltonian is the leading factor predominating the dynamic behaviors of the system with a closed energy hypersurface. Finally, an analog circuit is designed and implemented to demonstrate the consistent theoretical and simulation results.

Research Area(s)

  • basin of attraction, energy hypersurface, energy-conservative attractor, Energy-conservative system, hidden dynamics, multistability