Hydrogen-Free and Dendrite-Free All-Solid-State Zn-Ion Batteries

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Original languageEnglish
Article number1908121
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Materials
Issue number14
Online published24 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2020


An ionic-liquid-based Zn salt electrolyte is demonstrated to be an effective route to solve both the side-reaction of the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and Zn-dendrite growth in Zn-ion batteries. The developed electrolyte enables hydrogen-free, dendrite-free Zn plating/stripping over 1500 h cycle (3000 cycles) at 2 mA cm-2 with nearly 100% coulombic efficiency. Meanwhile, the oxygen-induced corrosion and passivation are also effectively suppressed. These features bring Zn-ion batteries an unprecedented long lifespan over 40 000 cycles at 4 A g-1 and high voltage of 2.05 V with a cobalt hexacyanoferrate cathode. Furthermore, a 28.6 μm thick solid polymer electrolyte of a poly(vinylidene fluoride-hexafluoropropylene) film filled with poly(ethylene oxide)/ionic-liquid-based Zn salt is constructed to build an all-solid-state Zn-ion battery. The all-solid-state Zn-ion batteries show excellent cycling performance of 30 000 cycles at 2 A g-1 at room temperature and withstand high temperature up to 70 ºC, low temperature to -20 ºC, as well as abuse test of bending deformation up to 150º for 100 cycles and eight times cutting. This is the first demonstration of an all-solid-state Zn-ion battery based on a newly developed electrolyte, which meanwhile solves the deep-seated hydrogen evolution and dendrite growth problem in traditional Zn-ion batteries.

Research Area(s)

  • all-solid-state batteries, flexible, wearable batteries, zinc dendrites, Zn-ion battery, ZINC ELECTRODEPOSITION, POLYMER ELECTROLYTE, AIR BATTERIES, GROWTH, LIQUIDS, ANODES, OXIDE