A Novel Surface-Wave-Based High-Impedance Surface Multibeam Antenna with Full Azimuth Coverage

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number7857756
Pages (from-to)1579-1588
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


This paper presents a novel surface-wave (SW)-based high-impedance surface (HIS) multibeam antenna with 360° scanning capability in azimuth. The proposed antenna consists of four rotationally symmetric beamforming networks (BFNs) and a microstrip patch array-based HIS. Regarding to the BFN, it is formed by a planar offset parabolic reflector fed by multiple substrate integrated waveguides. Through proper design, the proposed BFN can efficiently launch guided SWs with TM0 mode. With the perturbation of the HIS structure, the bounded SWs can be transformed to m=-1 space harmonic mode leaky-wave radiation. Combining the feature of the leaky-wave radiation in the elevation plane and the manipulation of the propagation direction of the SWs by switching the feeding ports, beam scanning in the azimuth direction with a tilted elevation angle can be realized. As the HIS is shared by the four BFNs, the size of the antenna can be reduced and a broadened antenna scanning range is achieved. In this paper, a prototype of the proposed antenna with 28 feeding ports, 7 in each BFN, is numerically analyzed and experimentally demonstrated. The proposed antenna features low-cost, low-profile, and single layer configuration.

Research Area(s)

  • Beamforming, high-impedance surface (HIS), integrated reflector antenna, multibeam antenna, planar antenna, surface wave (SW)