Circular Polarization and Reconfigurability of Fabry-Pérot Resonator Antenna Through Metamaterial-Loaded Cavity

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Original languageEnglish
Article number8621019
Pages (from-to)2196-2208
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number4
Online published22 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019


In this paper, a Fabry-Pérot resonator antenna (FPRA) with a metamaterial-loaded cavity is presented. The proposed antenna preserves the simplicity from single resonant cavity and linearly polarized (LP) feed. A 3-D-printed all-dielectric metamaterial structure with hybrid locally periodic patterns is placed between the superstrate and the ground plane. The loaded metamaterial provides a new configuration for achieving self-generated circular polarization (CP) for the FPRA. Owing to the fact that the generation of CP relies solely on the anisotropy of the metamaterial, independent control of the axial ratio (AR) and directivity becomes possible, thus avoiding potential tradeoffs to be made between the AR bandwidth and the directivity increment. In addition, further polarization agility between CP and LP states can be obtained by employing different angular rotations of the metamaterial with respect to the feed antenna. The proposed concept is verified through a design example carried out at around 10 GHz showing an overlapped impedance and AR bandwidth of 6.7% (from 9.6 to 10.27 GHz). The design considerations are given with the help of performing the ray-tracing analysis. The agreement between the measurement and full-wave simulation justifies the validity.

Research Area(s)

  • Circularly polarized (CP) antenna, partially reflective surface (PRS), polarization reconfigurable antenna, resonant cavity antenna, wideband Fabry-Pérot antenna