A Point Mutation in a Herpesvirus Polymerase Determines Neuropathogenicity

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Laura B. Goodman
  • Arianna Loregian
  • Gillian A. Perkins
  • Josie Nugent
  • Elizabeth L. Buckles
  • Beatrice Mercorelli
  • Julia H. Kydd
  • Giorgio Palù
  • Ken C. Smith
  • Nicholas Davis-Poynter

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere160
Pages (from-to)1583-1592
Journal / PublicationPLoS Pathogens
Volume3
Issue number11
Online published9 Nov 2007
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2007
Externally publishedYes

Link(s)

Abstract

Infection with equid herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) leads to respiratory disease, abortion, and neurologic disorders in horses. Molecular epidemiology studies have demonstrated that a single nucleotide polymorphism resulting in an amino acid variation of the EHV-1 DNA polymerase (N752/D752) is significantly associated with the neuropathogenic potential of naturally occurring strains. To test the hypothesis that this single amino acid exchange by itself influences neuropathogenicity, we generated recombinant viruses with differing polymerase sequences. Here we show that the N752 mutant virus caused no neurologic signs in the natural host, while the D752 virus was able to cause inflammation of the central nervous system and ataxia. Neurologic disease induced by the D752 virus was concomitant with significantly increased levels of viremia (p = 0.01), but the magnitude of virus shedding from the nasal mucosa was similar between the N752 and D752 viruses. Both viruses replicated with similar kinetics in fibroblasts and epithelial cells, but exhibited differences in leukocyte tropism. Last, we observed a significant increase (p < 0.001) in sensitivity of the N752 mutant to aphidicolin, a drug targeting the viral polymerase. Our results demonstrate that a single amino acid variation in a herpesvirus enzyme can influence neuropathogenic potential without having a major effect on virus shedding from infected animals, which is important for horizontal spread in a population. This observation is very interesting from an evolutionary standpoint and is consistent with data indicating that the N752 DNA pol genotype is predominant in the EHV-1 population, suggesting that decreased viral pathogenicity in the natural host might not be at the expense of less efficient inter-individual transmission. © 2007 Goodman et al.

Research Area(s)

Citation Format(s)

A Point Mutation in a Herpesvirus Polymerase Determines Neuropathogenicity. / Goodman, Laura B.; Loregian, Arianna; Perkins, Gillian A. et al.
In: PLoS Pathogens, Vol. 3, No. 11, e160, 11.2007, p. 1583-1592.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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