Impact of personal and cultural factors on knowledge sharing in China

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-471
Journal / PublicationAsia Pacific Journal of Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008


Knowledge sharing has been the focus of research for more than a decade and it is widely recognized that it can contribute to the success of an organisation. However, in comparison with other countries, relatively little work on this topic has been done in the Chinese context. Knowledge sharing is particularly interesting to study in the Chinese context at the individual level, given the unique social and cultural characteristics of this environment. In this paper, we develop a theoretical model to explain how personal factors would affect people's intention to share their knowledge. The Theory of Reasoned Action and Social Exchange Theory are used in this paper, as are the time dimension of national culture, face, and guanxi. A survey methodology is used to test the model. Face and guanxi orientation both exert a significant effect on the intention to share knowledge. Theoretical and practical implications, as well as directions for future research, are discussed. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Research Area(s)

  • Face gaining, Face saving, Guanxi orientation, Knowledge sharing, Social exchange theory, Theory of reasoned action