Scalable All-Evaporation Fabrication of Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes with Hybrid 2D-3D Perovskite Nanostructures

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

22 Scopus Citations
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  • Yu Fu
  • Qianpeng Zhang
  • Daquan Zhang
  • Lei Shu
  • Yiyi Zhu
  • Zhiyong Fan

Related Research Unit(s)


Original languageEnglish
Article number2002913
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Functional Materials
Online published12 Aug 2020
Publication statusOnline published - 12 Aug 2020


Quasi-2D (Q2D) lead halide perovskites have emerged as promising materials for light-emitting diodes (LEDs) due to their tunable emission, slowed-down carrier diffusion, and improved stability. However, they are primarily fabricated through solution methods, which hinders its large-scale manufacture and practical applications. Physical-vapor-deposition (PVD) methods have well demonstrated the capability for reproducible, scalable, and layer-by-layer fabrication of high quality organic/inorganic thin films. Herein, for the first time, the full-evaporation fabrication of organic–inorganic hybrid ((BA)2Csn−1PbnBr3n+1) Q2D–3D PeLEDs is demonstrated. The morphology and crystal phase of the perovskite are controlled from 3D to 2D by modulating material composition, annealing temperature, and film thicknesses. The confinement of carriers in 3D layers and the energy funnel effect are discovered and discussed. Importantly, a record high external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 5.3% based on evaporation method is achieved. Moreover, a centimeter-scale PeLED (1.5 cm × 2 cm) is obtained. Furthermore, the T50 lifetime of the device with an initial brightness of 100 cd m−2 is found to be 90 min with a thin layer PMMA passivation, which is among the longest for all PVD processed PeLEDs. Overall, this work casts a solid stepping stone towards the fabrication of high-performance PeLEDs on a large-scale.

Research Area(s)

  • all-evaporation process, hybrid 2D-3D structures, light emitting-diodes, nanostructures, perovskites, HALIDE PEROVSKITES, SOLAR-CELLS