Functional photoacoustic microscopy of diabetic vasculature

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number60502
Journal / PublicationJournal of Biomedical Optics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes


We used functional photoacoustic microscopy to image diabetes-induced damage to the microvasculature. To produce an animal model for Type 1 diabetes, we used streptozotocin (STZ), which is particularly toxic to the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas in mammals. A set number of ND4 Swiss Webster mice received intraperitoneal injections of STZ for five consecutive days at 50mg/kg. Most mice developed a significant rise in blood glucose level (∼400 mg/dL) within three weeks of the first injection. Changes in vasculature and hemody-namics were monitored for six weeks. The mouse ear was imaged with an optical-resolution photoacoustic microscope at a main blood vessel branch from the root of the ear. There are noticeable and measurable changes associated with the disease, including decreased vessel diameter and possible occlusion due to vessel damage and polyurea. We also observed an increase in the blood flow speed in the vein and a decrease in the artery, which could be due to compensation for the dehydration and vessel diameter changes. Functional and metabolic parameters such as hemoglobin oxygen saturation, oxygen extraction fraction, and oxygen consumption rate were also measured, but showed no significant change. © 2012 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).

Research Area(s)

  • Diabetes, Glucose, Metabolism, Photoacoustic microscopy, Streptozo-tocin

Citation Format(s)

Functional photoacoustic microscopy of diabetic vasculature. / Krumholz, Arie; Wang, Lidai; Yao, Junjie et al.
In: Journal of Biomedical Optics, Vol. 17, No. 6, 60502, 06.2012.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review