Microstructure promoted photosensitization activity of dye-titania/titanium composites

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Yibing Xie
  • Limin Zhou
  • Haitao Huang
  • Jian Lu


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)690-696
Journal / PublicationComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes


Well-constructed titania reactive layer/titanium metal-matrix composites were fabricated for photosensitization substrate application by a controlled electrochemical anodization process. A low-voltage anodization at 20 V produced titania nanotube array with 60-70 nm diameter and 540 nm height, while a high-voltage anodization at 180 V resulted in titania multiporous film with 170-260 nm pore size and 4 μm thickness. Two types of dye-titania/titanium composite electrodes were also prepared through a surface adsorption modification by orange G dye. The surface morphologies and interfacial electric properties of heterogeneous materials were examined by microstructure characterization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy analysis. The significant decrease of interfacial charge-transfer resistance from 12,000 Ω for microporous titania to 5100 Ω for nanotubular titania accordingly contributed a much lower electrode impedance and higher polarization current for dye-titania/titanium electrode. Additionally, 4 and 1.5 times magnification of photocurrent density and photovoltage were achieved under a visible light irradiation for nanotubular dye-titania/titanium electrode in comparison with microporous one. A better photosensitization activity could be well obtained by tailoring microstructure from micro-composite to nano-composite. The corresponding photocurrent response was more significant than photovoltage in the photosensitivity evaluation of these composite electrodes. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • A. Metal-matrix composites (MMCs), B. Chemical properties, B. Microstructure, E. Surface treatments