Detection of targets in road scene images enhanced using conditional GAN-based dehazing model

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Original languageEnglish
Article number5326
Journal / PublicationApplied Sciences-Basel
Volume13
Issue number9
Online published24 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - May 2023

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Abstract

Object detection is a classic image processing problem. For instance, in autonomous driving applications, targets such as cars and pedestrians are detected in the road scene video. Many image-based object detection methods utilizing hand-crafted features have been proposed. Recently, more research has adopted a deep learning approach. Object detectors rely on useful features, such as the object’s boundary, which are extracted via analyzing the image pixels. However, the images captured, for instance, in an outdoor environment, may be degraded due to bad weather such as haze and fog. One possible remedy is to recover the image radiance through the use of a pre-processing method such as image dehazing. We propose a dehazing model for image enhancement. The framework was based on the conditional generative adversarial network (cGAN). Our proposed model was improved with two modifications. Various image dehazing datasets were employed for comparative analysis. Our proposed model outperformed other hand-crafted and deep learning-based image dehazing methods by 2dB or more in PSNR. Moreover, we utilized the dehazed images for target detection using the object detector YOLO. In the experimentations, images were degraded by two weather conditions—rain and fog. We demonstrated that the objects detected in images enhanced by our proposed dehazing model were significantly improved over those detected in the degraded images. © 2023 by the authors.
Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Research Area(s)

  • object detection, road scene, fog, rain, image dehazing, generative adversarial network, conditional generative adversarial network, COLOR

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