Chinese organized crime and the illegal wildlife trade : diversification and outsourcing in the Golden Triangle

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)486–505
Journal / PublicationTrends in Organized Crime
Issue number4
Online published29 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021



The illegal wildlife trade has increasingly been linked to organized crime in recent years. In particular, Chinese crime groups seem to be major players in more organized forms of this trade. This article examines the involvement of Chinese organized crime groups in the trade of wildlife in the borderlands of the Golden Triangle. We will discuss the representation of Chinese crime groups in the illegal wildlife trade by looking at: a) the diversification of these crime groups into wildlife crimes and b) the outsourcing of activities to local opportunistic crime groups in neighboring Laos and Myanmar. We conclude that the different representations of Chinese crime groups overseas involved in the illegal wildlife trade are important in order to understand the roles of diversification and outsourcing.

Research Area(s)

  • Chinese organized crime, Criminal networks, Diversification, Illegal wildlife trade, Outsourcing

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