A Low-Profile and Wideband Lens Antenna Based on High-Refractive-Index Metasurface

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5764-5772
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number11
Online published21 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018


This paper presents a low-profile and wideband metamaterial lens (meta-lens) antenna based on high refractive index metasurface. A novel three-layer non-resonant metamaterial unit cell is introduced and analyzed by the full-wave simulation tool. The proposed unit cell is a stacking configuration of four H-shaped lines realized by multiple microwave laminates. It can achieve a large refractive index variation range of 4.76 (from 1.5 to 6.26). In addition, two impedance matching layers based on the proposed unit cell are developed to provide better transmission for incident waves passing through the meta-lens antenna. The attractiveness of this new meta-lens antenna is its low-profile thickness of 0.26 λ0, where λ0 is the wavelength at 10 GHz. To validate the performance of the meta-lens antenna, a wideband stub loaded horn antenna with stable radiation patterns in E- and H- planes is adopted as the feeding antenna source. The measured results demonstrate a wide impedance bandwidth of 66% (7.2 – 14.3 GHz) and a high aperture efficiency of up to 65%. Moreover, its sidelobe and cross-polarization levels are less than -17 dB and -25 dB across the entire bandwidth, respectively.

Research Area(s)

  • Antenna radiation patterns, Apertures, Bandwidth, Broadband, Broadband antennas, gradient refractive index lens, lens antenna, Lenses, low-profile, Metamaterials, metasurface, Refractive index