Adversarial Attacks and Defenses on Cyber-Physical Systems : A Survey

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Original languageEnglish
Article number9006862
Pages (from-to)5103-5115
Journal / PublicationIEEE Internet of Things Journal
Issue number6
Online published21 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020


Cyber-security issues on adversarial attacks are actively studied in the field of computer vision with the camera as the main sensor source to obtain the input image or video data. However, in modern cyber-physical systems (CPSs), many other types of sensors are becoming popularly used, such as surveillance sensors, microphones, and textual interfaces. A series of recent works investigates the adversarial attacks and the potential defenses in these non-camera sensor-based CPSs. Therefore, this paper provides a systematic discussion on these existing works, and serves as a complementary summary of adversarial attacks and defenses for CPSs beyond the field of computer vision. We first introduce a general working flow for adversarial attacks on CPSs. On this basis, a clear taxonomy is provided to organize existing attacks effectively and indicate where the defenses can be potentially performed in CPSs as well. Then, we discuss these existing attacks and defenses with detailed comparison studies. Finally, we point out concrete research opportunities to be further explored along this research direction.

Research Area(s)

  • Adversarial attacks and defense, Cyber-physical systems (CPSs), Cyber-security