Effect of adding 0.3 wt% Ni into the Sn-0.7 wt%Cu solder. Part I : Wetting behavior on Cu and Ni substrates

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-121
Journal / PublicationJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2007


Comparative wetting behavior of Sn-0.7Cu and Sn-0.7Cu-0.3Ni solders on Cu and Ni substrates were assessed through the wetting balance test. No-clean (NC), non-activated (R) and water soluble organic acid (WS) fluxes were used to assess the wetting behavior for three different solder bath temperatures of 255, 275 and 295 °C. Experimental results unveiled that adding of 0.3 wt% Ni into Sn-0.7Cu solder can improve the wetting on Cu substrate when NC and WS fluxes are used. However, such addition of Ni did not improve the wetting of Sn-0.7Cu solder for R-type flux. In the case of Ni substrate, addition of Ni helped to improve the wetting for all three types of fluxes as higher wetting forces were documented for Sn-0.7Cu-0.3Ni solder compared to the Sn-0.7Cu solder. Among the fluxes, worst performance was observed for R-type flux. Very large contact angles were recorded for both solders with this kind of flux. Experimental results also revealed that higher solder bath temperature played an important role to lower the contact angle, to increase the wetting force and to enhance the wetting. Computer modeling of wetting balance test also revealed that both the wetting force and meniscus height are inversely proportional to the contact angles. Besides, solder bath depth and radius do not affect significantly on the wetting behavior. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Contact angle, Flux, Modeling, Solder, Wetting, Wetting force