Handling Open-set Noise and Novel Target Recognition in Domain Adaptive Semantic Segmentation

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9846-9861
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
Issue number8
Online published17 Feb 2023
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


This paper studies a practical domain adaptive (DA) semantic segmentation problem where only pseudo-labeled target data is accessible through a black-box model. Due to the domain gap and label shift between two domains, pseudo-labeled target data contains mixed closed-set and open-set label noises. In this paper, we propose a simplex noise transition matrix (SimT) to model the mixed noise distributions in DA semantic segmentation, and leverage SimT to handle open-set label noise and enable novel target recognition. When handling open-set noises, we formulate the problem as estimation of SimT. By exploiting computational geometry analysis and properties of segmentation, we design four complementary regularizers, i.e. volume regularization, anchor guidance, convex guarantee, and semantic constraint, to approximate the true SimT. Specifically, volume regularization minimizes the volume of simplex formed by rows of the non-square SimT, ensuring outputs of model to fit into the ground truth label distribution. To compensate for the lack of open-set knowledge, anchor guidance, convex guarantee, and semantic constraint are devised to enable the modeling of open-set noise distribution. The estimated SimT is utilized to correct noise issues in pseudo labels and promote the generalization ability of segmentation model on target domain data. In the task of novel target recognition, we first propose closed-to-open label correction (C2OLC) to explicitly derive the supervision signal for open-set classes by exploiting the estimated SimT, and then advance a semantic relation (SR) loss that harnesses the inter-class relation to facilitate the open-set class sample recognition in target domain. Extensive experimental results demonstrate that the proposed SimT can be flexibly plugged into existing DA methods to boost both closed-set and open-set class performance. © 2023 IEEE.

Research Area(s)

  • Open-set label noise, novel target recognition, boundless DA, domain adaptive semantic segmentation, simplex noise transition matrix

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