Effect of Crystal Melting on Water Vapor Permeability of Shape-Memory Polyurethane Film

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-43
Journal / PublicationTextile Research Journal
Issue number1
Online published1 Jan 2004
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004
Externally publishedYes


Crystal melting of shape memory polyurethane (SMPU) film is investigated using polarizing optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and temperature variable wide-angle x-ray diffractometry. Water vapor permeability (wvp) at different temperatures is measured. The results show that the SMPU film is dense with crystalline soft segments. Crystal melting of soft segments takes place when the temperature increases from 10 to 50°C. At the same temperature range, the wvp of SMPU film increases significantly. After investigating the relationship between the relative changes in amorphous area and temperature, we can conclude that crystal melting of soft segments leads to increases in the amorphous area, resulting in a significant increase in water vapor permeability. © 2004, Sage Publications. All rights reserved.