Optimal production control in a discrete manufacturing system with unreliable machines and random demands

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2280-2296
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2000
Externally publishedYes


We consider a production control problem in a manufacturing system with a failure-prone machine and a stochastic demand. The objective is to minimize a discounted inventory holding and backlog cost over an infinite planning horizon. The optimal production control of continuous, stochastic manufacturing systems with a failure-prone machine and a constant demand has been considered in Akella and Kumar. However, the problem of optimal production control for discrete stochastic manufacturing systems with uncertain demands remains open. In this paper, we investigate a case where the exogenous demand forms a homogeneous Poisson flow. Primarily, we show that the optimal production control for such a system is of the threshold control type. In addition, the explicit form of production control policy and the objective functions are provided. Numerical examples are included to demonstrate the results obtained in the paper and to compare with the one in Akella and Kumar.