Direct current conductivity of carbon nanofiber-based conductive polymer composites : Effects of temperature and electric field

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3916-3921
Journal / PublicationJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Volume11
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2011

Abstract

Polymer composites based on high density polyethylene (HDPE) and carbon nanofiber (CNF) were fabricated by melt compounding. The dependences of electrical conductivity of HDPE-CNF composites on filler concentration, temperature, and applied electric field were investigated. The results showed that the conductivity of the HDPE-CNF composites follows the scaling law of percolation theory. Increasing temperature caused a sharp increase in the resistivity of HDPE-CNF composites near the melting temperature of HDPE, yielding a positive temperature coefficient (PTC) effect of resistance. The potential mechanisms involved in the PTC effect of such composites were analyzed. An investigation of the effect of electric field on the conductivity of HDPE-CNF composites revealed the presence of tunneling conduction. The tunneling conductivity increased with increasing filler content because of high tunneling frequency, and decreased with rising temperature as a result of gap widening between conducting CNF fillers. Copyright © 2011 American Scientific Publishers All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Carbon nanofiber, Conductivity, HDPE, Nanocomposite, Tunneling