Experimental analysis of lengthwise/transversal thermal characteristics and jet flow of large-format prismatic lithium-ion battery

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Xiaodong Zhou
  • Dong Wang
  • Maoyu Li
  • Boxuan Wang
  • Lizhong Yang
  • Bei Cao


Original languageEnglish
Article number117244
Journal / PublicationApplied Thermal Engineering
Online published19 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


Lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are among the most promising technologies for electric vehicles and electric energy storage systems, while the safety accidents associated with thermal runaway happen frequently. Thermal characteristics and the jet behavior of prismatic LIBs under overheating conditions are still unclear. In this study, the thermal runaway characteristics of LIBs under lengthwise and transversal placements, such as battery surface temperature, voltage and mass loss are investigated through the overheating experiments. Results show that the center and bottom of the LIB surface of lengthwise placement have higher temperatures during thermal runaway. Compared with lengthwise placement, transversal placement accelerates the occurrence of thermal runaway under overheating conditions. The onset temperature of the safety valve opening is 129 °C, which is not affected by electrical energy stored inside the battery and placements. To comprehensively understand the prismatic LIB jet flow, a method is proposed to determine the jet velocity at the safety valve based on mass loss using mathematical deductions. The jet behavior, internal pressure and gas generation rate are also quantitatively characterized by experiments. The maximum jet velocity occurs with a value of 42.05 m/s occurs at the moment when the safety valve opens. This work further reveals thermal abuse characteristics and jet behavior of prismatic LIBs, the research outcomes of which provide guidance for the safe design and thermal hazard prevention in battery storage systems.

Research Area(s)

  • Different placements, Jet flow, Jet velocity, Lithium-ion battery safety, Thermal runaway

Citation Format(s)