LFGAN : 4D Light Field Synthesis from a Single RGB Image

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

6 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Related Research Unit(s)


Original languageEnglish
Article number2
Journal / PublicationACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications and Applications
Issue number1
Online publishedFeb 2020
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020


We present a deep neural network called the light field generative adversarial network (LFGAN) that synthesizes a 4D light field from a single 2D RGB image. We generate light fields using a single image superresolution (SISR) technique based on two important observations. First, the small baseline gives rise to the high similarity between the full light field image and each sub-aperture view. Second, the occlusion edge at any spatial coordinate of a sub-aperture view has the same orientation as the occlusion edge at the corresponding angular patch, implying that the occlusion information in the angular domain can be inferred from the sub-aperture local information. We employ the Wasserstein GAN with gradient penalty (WGANGP) to learn the color and geometry information from the light field datasets. The network can generate a plausible 4D light field comprising 8 × 8 angular views from a single sub-aperture 2D image. We propose new loss terms, namely epipolar plane image (EPI) and brightness regularization (BRI) losses, as well as a novel multi-stage training framework to feed the loss terms at different time to generate superior light fields. The EPI loss can reinforce the network to learn the geometric features of the light fields, and the BRI loss can preserve the brightness consistency across different sub-aperture views. Two datasets have been used to evaluate our method: in addition to an existing light field dataset capturing scenes of flowers and plants, we have built a large dataset of toy animals consisting of 2,100 light fields captured with a plenoptic camera. We have performed comprehensive ablation studies to evaluate the effects of individual loss terms and the multi-stage training strategy, and have compared LFGAN to other state-of-the-art techniques. Qualitative and quantitative evaluation demonstrates that LFGAN can effectively estimate complex occlusions and geometry in challenging scenes, and outperform other existing techniques.

Research Area(s)

  • Light field synthesis, generative adversarial network, single image super-resolution