Marangoni instability in a finite container-transition between short and long wavelengths modes

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

11 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations



Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-104
Journal / PublicationJournal of Heat Transfer
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2001
Externally publishedYes


Marangoni instability in a finite container with a deformable interface in the absence of gravity has been investigated. It is shown that the critical Marangoni number Macr is a non-monotonic function of the length of the container. Two different physical mechanisms driving convection are indicated. The advection of heat is essential for the first, advective ("classical") mechanism that gives rise to short wavelength modes. The interface deformation is essential for the second mechanism that gives rise to long wavelength modes. If the container is sufficiently long, the second mechanism leads to an unconditional instability. The available results suggest that the unconditional instability leads to segmentation of the interface.

Research Area(s)

  • Heat transfer, Instability, Natural convection, Surface tension, Thermocapillary

Bibliographic Note

Publication details (e.g. title, author(s), publication statuses and dates) are captured on an “AS IS” and “AS AVAILABLE” basis at the time of record harvesting from the data source. Suggestions for further amendments or supplementary information can be sent to