Improvement of GPS displacement measurement accuracy for high-rise buildings by machine learning

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

3 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Article number107581
Journal / PublicationJournal of Building Engineering
Online published16 Aug 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2023


This paper aims to enhance the accuracy of displacement responses of high-rise buildings measured by global positioning systems (GPS) under windstorm conditions with machine learning. To this end, a long short-term memory model (LSTM) and a particle swarm optimization-LSTM (PSO-LSTM) model are developed. The models are trained and validated by using field measurements, including strain and acceleration responses, original GPS-measured signals from a 600-m-high skyscraper during Typhoon Kompasu, and the performance of the models is assessed against several standard evaluation criteria. Then, the PSO-LSTM model with optimized hyperparameters is utilized to enhance the accuracy of displacement measurements by the GPS in the skyscraper during Tropical Storm Lionrock. The results of this study reveal that the developed PSO-LSTM model can effectively improve the accuracy of GPS-measured displacements of high-rise buildings under windstorms conditions. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd

Research Area(s)

  • Global positioning system, High-rise building, Machine learning, Structural health monitoring, Typhoon