Resilience Assessment of an Urban Metro Complex Network : A Case Study of the Zhengzhou Metro

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Original languageEnglish
Article number11555
Journal / PublicationSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number18
Online published15 Sep 2022
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022



An urban metro network is susceptible to becoming vulnerable and difficult to recover quickly in the face of an unexpected attack on account of the system’s complexity and the threat of various emergencies. Therefore, it is necessary to assess the resilience of urban metro networks. However, the research on resilience assessment of urban metro networks is still in the development stage, and it is better to conduct said research using a technique which combines many attributes, multiple methods, and several cases. Therefore, based on the complex network modeling and topological characteristics analysis of metro systems, a metro network’s robustness and vulnerability measurement method under node interruption and edge failure is proposed for the first time in this study. Then, considering the three cases of general station interruption, interchange station interruption, and traffic tunnel failure, a quantitative resilience assessment model of metro networks is put forward, and the corresponding recovery strategies are discussed. Finally, a case study of the Zhengzhou Metro Network (ZZMN) under an extreme rainstorm is conducted to demonstrate the viability of the proposed model. The results show that ZZMN possesses scale-free and small-world network properties, and it is robust to random interruptions but vulnerable to deliberate attacks. ZZMN still needs to improve its effectiveness in information transmission. The centrality distribution for each node in the ZZMN network differs significantly, and each node’s failure has a unique impact on the network. The larger the DC, BC, and PR of a node is, the lower the network’s robustness after its removal is, and the stronger the vulnerability is. Compared with the three cases of general station interruption, interchange station interruption, and traffic tunnel failure, the network loss caused by tunnel failure was the lowest, followed by general station interruption, and the interruption at interchange stations was the most costly. Given the failures under various cases, the metro management department should prioritize selecting the optimal recovery strategy to improve the resilience of the metro network system. This study’s findings can assist in making urban metro systems less vulnerable to emergencies and more resilient for a quick recovery, which can provide scientific theoretical guidance and decision support for the safety and resilient, sustainable development of urban metro systems.

Research Area(s)

  • complex topology, resilience assessment, robustness, urban metro network, vulnerability

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