Helminth Sensing at the Intestinal Epithelial Barrier—A Taste of Things to Come

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

10 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

  • Aduragbemi A. Faniyi
  • Kevin J. Wijanarko
  • James Tollitt
  • John J. Worthington

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number1489
Journal / PublicationFrontiers in Immunology
Volume11
Online published30 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

Link(s)

Abstract

Human intestinal helminth infection affects more than 1 billion people often in the world's most deprived communities. These parasites are one of the most prevalent neglected tropical diseases worldwide bringing huge morbidities to the host population. Effective treatments and vaccines for helminths are currently limited, and therefore, it is essential to understand the molecular sensors that the intestinal epithelium utilizes in detecting helminths and how the responding factors produced act as modulators of immunity. Defining the cellular and molecular mechanisms that enable helminth detection and expulsion will be critical in identifying potential therapeutic targets to alleviate disease. However, despite decades of research, we have only recently been able to identify the tuft cell as a key helminth sensor at the epithelial barrier. In this review, we will highlight the key intestinal epithelial chemosensory roles associated with the detection of intestinal helminths, summarizing the recent advances in tuft cell initiation of protective type 2 immunity. We will discuss other potential sensory roles of epithelial subsets and introduce enteroendocrine cells as potential key sensors of the microbial alterations that a helminth infection produces, which, given their direct communication to the nervous system via the recently described neuropod, have the potential to transfer the epithelial immune interface systemically.

Research Area(s)

  • enteroendocrine cell (EEC), epithelium, G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), helminth, microbiome, tuft cells

Citation Format(s)

Helminth Sensing at the Intestinal Epithelial Barrier—A Taste of Things to Come. / Faniyi, Aduragbemi A.; Wijanarko, Kevin J.; Tollitt, James et al.
In: Frontiers in Immunology, Vol. 11, 1489, 07.2020.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

Download Statistics

No data available