Investigation of frequency-up conversion effect on the performance improvement of stack-based piezoelectric generators

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Yan Peng
  • Zhibing Xu
  • Min Wang
  • Zhongjie Li
  • Jinlin Peng
  • Jun Luo
  • Shaorong Xie
  • Huayan Pu

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551-563
Journal / PublicationRenewable Energy
Volume172
Online published18 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Abstract

This paper originally investigates the influence of frequency-up conversion effect on piezoelectric stack generators for high-performance energy harvesting. A compressive-mode piezoelectric generator is proposed comprised of a piezostack and a spring-mass system for electromechanical transduction and mechanical excitation, respectively. The frequency-up conversion effect is induced by amplitude truncations of the mass under external excitation. A control group, i.e. without truncation, is set for performance comparisons. Experimental results indicate that, with the frequency-up conversion, instantaneous power and average power are enhanced by over 1000 and 177 times, respectively. Each voltage response cycle consists of two stages: high-frequency high-amplitude oscillation and the rest of low-frequency low-amplitude harmonic vibration. The frequency of the former stage determines impedance matching. Due to the frequency converted up by 69 times, and intrinsic high capacitance of the stack, the matched resistance is significantly reduced from over 5 kΩ to 73.10 Ω, resulting much higher power response than that without conversion. Additionally, increase of spring stiffness causes the decrease of voltage responses and less effectiveness of frequency conversion effect. In this work we conclusively report that an instantaneous peak power output of 0.32 W can be generated from a millimeter-size piezoelectric generator, which can foster development of high-viability self-powered applications.

Research Area(s)

  • Frequency-up conversion, High-performance energy harvesting, Piezoelectric stack

Citation Format(s)

Investigation of frequency-up conversion effect on the performance improvement of stack-based piezoelectric generators. / Peng, Yan; Xu, Zhibing; Wang, Min; Li, Zhongjie; Peng, Jinlin; Luo, Jun; Xie, Shaorong; Pu, Huayan; Yang, Zhengbao.

In: Renewable Energy, Vol. 172, 07.2021, p. 551-563.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review