Construction of Immune Infiltration-Related LncRNA Signatures Based on Machine Learning for the Prognosis in Colon Cancer

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Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationBiochemical Genetics
Online published4 Oct 2023
Publication statusOnline published - 4 Oct 2023


Colon cancer is one of the malignant tumors with high morbidity, lethality, and prevalence across global human health. Molecular biomarkers play key roles in its prognosis. In particular, immune-related lncRNAs (IRL) have attracted enormous interest in diagnosis and treatment, but less is known about their potential functions. We aimed to investigate dysfunctional IRL and construct a risk model for improving the outcomes of patients. Nineteen immune cell types were collected for identifying house-keeping lncRNAs (HKLncRNA). GSE39582 and TCGA-COAD were treated as the discovery and validation datasets, respectively. Four machine learning algorithms (LASSO, Random Forest, Boruta, and Xgboost) and a Gaussian mixture model were utilized to mine the optimal combination of lncRNAs. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression was utilized to construct the risk score model. We distinguished the functional difference in an immune perspective between low- and high-risk cohorts calculated by this scoring system. Finally, we provided a nomogram. By leveraging the microarray, sequencing, and clinical data for immune cells and colon cancer patients, we identified the 221 HKLncRNAs with a low cell type-specificity index. Eighty-seven lncRNAs were up-regulated in the immune compared to cancer cells. Twelve lncRNAs were beneficial in improving performance. A risk score model with three lncRNAs (CYB561D2, LINC00638, and DANCR) was proposed with robust ROC performance on an independent dataset. According to immune-related analysis, the risk score is strongly associated with the tumor immune microenvironment. Our results emphasized IRL has the potential to be a powerful and effective therapy for enhancing the prognostic of colon cancer.

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2023

Research Area(s)

  • Colon cancer, Immune-related lncRNA (IRL), Prognosis, Machine learning, Risk score system, Cell type-specifcity index