An SNR-Assured Anti-Jamming Routing Protocol for Reliable Communication in Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-29
Journal / PublicationIEEE Communications Magazine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018


Industrial wireless sensor networks (IWSNs) are an expansion of the Internet of Things paradigm that fully exploits the collective intelligence of smart nodes in industrial processes. The data acquisition of IWSNs in harsh industrial environments is susceptible to transmission failures and time delay while being strict in the performance of reliability and timeliness. This article proposes an SNR-Assured anti-jamming clustering routing (SA-AJCR) protocol to address the problem of data transmission in an environment of high ambient noise and complex electromagnetic interference. To ease the influence of the industrial field on wireless communication, the irregular radio range of each node is modeled through field testing, and then its communication range is artificially constrained to ensure that each signal is received under a satisfying SNR. Through mapping out an approximation of jammed areas at the cluster level, SA-AJCR enables IWSNs to be tolerant of node or link failure caused by jamming. Routing paths can be adjusted to greedily bypass the mapped jammed regions in the network without interrupting the data transmission or overriding the CSMA limitation. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed protocol is effectively able to provide high packet delivery ratio in hostile electromagnetic environments with the existence of jammers.