Improved Efficiency and Stability of Pb/Sn Binary Perovskite Solar Cells Fabricated by Galvanic Displacement Reaction

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Original languageEnglish
Article number1802774
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Energy Materials
Issue number7
Online published2 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2019


Here, a simple and generally applicable method of fabricating efficient and stable Pb-Sn binary perovskite solar cells (PVSCs) based on a galvanic displacement reaction (GDR) is demonstrated. Different from the commonly used conventional approaches to form perovskite precursor solutions by mixing metal halides and organic halides such as PbI2, SnI2, MAI, FAI, etc., together, the precursor solutions are formulated by reacting pure Pb-based perovskite precursor solutions with fine Sn metal powders. After the ratios between Pb and Sn are optimized, high PCEs of 15.85% and 18.21% can be achieved for MAPb0.4Sn0.6I3 and (FAPb0.6Sn0.4I3)0.85(MAPb0.6Sn0.4Br3)0.15 based PVSCs, which are the highest PCEs among all values reported to date for Pb-Sn binary PVSCs. Moreover, the GDR perovskite-based PVSCs exhibit significantly improved ambient and thermal stability with encapsulation, which can retain more than 90% of their initial PCEs after being stored in ambient (relative humidity (RH) ≈50%) for 1000 h or being thermal annealed at 80 °C for more than 120 h in ambient conditions. These results demonstrate the advantage of using GDR to prepare tunable bandgap binary perovskites for devices with greatly improved performance and stability.

Research Area(s)

  • galvanic displacement reaction, Pb/Sn binary perovskite, solar cells