Tribological behavior of an amorphous Zr20Ti20Cu20Ni20Be20 high-entropy alloy studied using a nanoscratch technique

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Y.Y. Zhao
  • Y.X. Ye
  • C.Z. Liu
  • R. Feng
  • K. F. Yao


Original languageEnglish
Article number106561
Journal / PublicationIntermetallics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019


In this study, friction and wear behaviors of an amorphous Zr20Ti20Cu20Ni20Be20 high-entropy alloy (a-HEA) were characterized using a nanoscratch method. Scratch tests were carried out under both ramping and constant loading conditions to measure the coefficient of friction (COF) and wear resistance of the amorphous alloy. The morphology of scratched surface and subsurface was further examined using scanning and transmission electron microscopes. It was found that friction behavior of the a-HEA can be divided into two regions: elastic and plastic. In the elastic region, the COF dramatically decreases with increasing normal force, however, it monotonically increases in the plastic region. Morphological observation indicated that brittle fracture dominated in the plastic region, which was consistent with the result that a series of load serrations were accompanied by the formation of brittle cracks along the scratched track. Wear performance of the a-HEA was also evaluated and compared with “conventional” metallic glasses and crystalline high-entropy alloys. As a result of high hardness and large elastic recovery, the current a-HEA exhibited good wear resistance and low COF, behaved more like brittle amorphous alloys rather than ductile high-entropy alloys.

Research Area(s)

  • Friction, High-entropy alloy, Metallic glass, Nanoscratch, Tribology, Wear