Distributed-parameter modeling and dynamic analysis of rotational compressive-mode energy harvesters

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6 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157–182
Journal / PublicationNonlinear Dynamics
Issue number1
Online published6 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


This paper presents a modeling and dynamic analysis of a rotational high-efficiency compressive-mode piezoelectric energy harvester (HC-PEH) with partially thickened bow-shaped beams. Based on the Euler–Bernoulli beam theory and the extended Hamilton’s principle, the governing equations of the rotational HC-PEH system are formulated. The nonlinear electromechanical coupling partial differential equations of the system are transformed into ordinary differential equations in the truncated modal coordinates. The developed distributed-parameter model is validated against experimental data, and a good agreement is achieved. The stability and the nonlinear dynamic behavior of the rotational HC-PEH system in conditions of different offset distances and preloaded axial forces are investigated by numerical simulation results. A parametric study of the parameters directly related to the system design is also performed to provide fundamental guidance for understanding the electrical output performance and modulating the voltage–rotation speed responses of the harvester. The result shows that the design parameters of the bow-shaped beam and the PZT plate have apparent effects on the electrical output of the harvester system.

Research Area(s)

  • Energy harvesting, Nonlinear behavior, Piezoelectric, Rotor dynamics