A varying-coefficient partially linear transformation model for length-biased data with an application to HIV vaccine studies

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-162
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Biostatistics
Issue number1
Online published11 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - May 2023


Prevalent cohort studies in medical research often give rise to length-biased survival data that require special treatments. The recently proposed varying-coefficient partially linear transformation (VCPLT) model has the virtue of providing a more dynamic content of the effects of the covariates on survival times than the well-known partially linear transformation (PLT) model by allowing flexible interactions between the covariates. However, no existing analysis of the VCPLT model has considered length-biased sampling. In this paper, we consider the VCPLT model when the data are length-biased and right censored, thereby extending the reach of this flexible and powerful tool. We develop a martingale estimating function-based approach to the estimation of this model, provide theoretical underpinnings, evaluate finite sample performance via simulations, and showcase its practical appeal via an empirical application using data from two HIV vaccine clinical trials conducted by the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. © 2022 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.

Research Area(s)

  • HVTN, length-biasedness, martingale, right-censoring

Citation Format(s)