Reinforcement of polypropylene using sisal fibers grafted with poly(methyl methacrylate)

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1055-1064
Journal / PublicationJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 25 Apr 2003


Sisal fiber (SF) surface modification was carried out by grafting with methyl methacrylate (MMA) using cerium and ammonium nitrate as initiator. The effects of reaction time, monomer, and initiator concentration on the grafting parameters were systematically investigated. The results showed that MMA was successfully grafted onto the sisal fiber surface. The PMMA-grafted sisal fibers were melt blended with polypropylene (PP) and then injection molded. The PP/SF composites were characterized by means of thermal analysis, mechanical testing, wide-angle X-ray diffraction, and SEM examination. PMMA grafted onto the surface of SF enhanced the intermolecular interaction between the reinforcing SF and PP matrix, improved the dispersion of SF in the PP matrix, and promoted the formation of β-crystalline PP. These enhanced the thermal stability and mechanical properties of PP/SF composites. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Research Area(s)

  • Composites, Graft copolymers, Mechanical properties, Modification, Polypropylene