Psychosocial Barriers of Public Transport Use and Social Exclusion among Older Adults : Empirical Evidence from Lahore, Pakistan

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

9 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Muhammad Ahmad Al-Rashid
  • Hong Ching Goh
  • Yong Adilah Shamsul Harumain
  • Tiziana Campisi
  • Tahir Mahmood

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number185
Pages (from-to)1-23
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume18
Issue number1
Online published29 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Link(s)

Abstract

Transport planning and public health have been intertwined historically. The health impact of public transport services, such as social exclusion, is a widely discussed research topic. Social exclusion is a paramount concern for older adults’ health in the wake of emerging global challenges. However, there remains a significant research gap on how psychosocial barriers faced by older adults in using public transport services influence the social exclusion behavior. The pre-sent research provides empirical evidence and shows the impact of certain psychosocial barriers of public transportation on older adults’ social exclusion. A total of 243 Pakistani older adults (aged 60–89 years old) voluntarily participated in this cross-sectional study. The participants provided self-reports on their psychosocial barriers (including perceived norms, attitude, personal ability, habits, neighborhood social constraints, and intention) and the corresponding social exclusion. Partial Least Square Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) was utilized for the data analysis. The structural path model supported the significant associations between psychosocial barriers and social exclusion. Except for perceived descriptive norms, all other psychosocial barriers predicted older adults’ social exclusion. The research portrays the significance of the psychosocial factors to examine social exclusion and offers practical implications for urban and transport plan-ners. The concerned policymakers can use the research findings to develop age-sensitive, socially sustainable, and healthy cities.

Research Area(s)

  • Older adults, Psychosocial, Public transport, Social exclusion

Citation Format(s)

Psychosocial Barriers of Public Transport Use and Social Exclusion among Older Adults : Empirical Evidence from Lahore, Pakistan. / Al-Rashid, Muhammad Ahmad; Goh, Hong Ching; Harumain, Yong Adilah Shamsul; Ali, Zulfiqar; Campisi, Tiziana; Mahmood, Tahir.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 18, No. 1, 185, 01.2021, p. 1-23.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review