Pseudomonas syringae dual-function protein Lon switches between virulence and metabolism by acting as both DNA-binding transcriptional regulator and protease in different environments

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2968-2988
Number of pages21
Journal / PublicationEnvironmental Microbiology
Issue number7
Online published15 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020


Lon, a member of the AAA+ protease family, plays vital roles in Type III secretion systems (T3SS), agglutination and colony shape in the model plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae. Lon also functions as a transcriptional regulator in other bacterial species such as Escherichia coli and Brevibacillus thermoruber. To reveal the molecular mechanisms of Lon as a dual-function protein in P. syringae, we studied Lon-regulated genes by using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq) and liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. As a transcriptional regulator, Lon directly regulated a group of genes (PSPPH_4788, gacA, fur, gntR, clpS, lon and glyA) and consequently regulated their functions, such as 1-dodecanol oxidation activity, motility, pyoverdine production, glucokinase activity, N-end rule pathway, lon expression and serine hydroxymethyltransferase activity. Mass spectrometry results revealed that the expression levels of five T3SS proteins (such as HrcV, HrpW1) were higher in the ∆lon strain than the wild-type (WT) strain in KB. In MM, 12 metabolic proteins (such as AcdS and NuoI) showed lower levels in the ∆lon strain than the WT strain. Taken together, these data demonstrate that the dual-function protein Lon sophisticatedly regulates virulence and metabolism in P. syringae.

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