Prostate lesion delineation from multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging based on locality alignment discriminant analysis

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

3 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Weifu Chen
  • Mingbo Zhao
  • Eli Gibson
  • Matthew Bastian-Jordan
  • Derek W. Cool
  • Zahra Kassam
  • Huageng Liang
  • Aaron D. Ward

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4607-4618
Journal / PublicationMedical Physics
Volume45
Issue number10
Online published19 Sep 2018
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

Abstract

Purpose: Multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) has shown promise in the detection and localization of prostate cancer foci. Although techniques have been previously introduced to delineate lesions from mpMRI, these techniques were evaluated in data sets with T2 maps available. The generation of T2 map is not included in the clinical prostate mpMRI consensus guidelines; the acquisition of which requires repeated T2-weighted (T2W) scans and would significantly lengthen the scan time currently required for the clinically recommended acquisition protocol, which includes T2W, diffusion-weighted (DW) and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) imaging. The goal of this study is to develop and evaluate an algorithm that provides pixel-accurate lesion delineation from images acquired based on the clinical protocol. Methods: Twenty-five pixel-based features were extracted from the T2-weighted (T2W), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) images. The pixel-wise classifi-cation was performed on the reduced space generated by locality alignment discriminant analysis (LADA), a version of linear discriminant analysis (LDA) localized to patches in the feature space. Post-processing procedures, including removal of isolated points identified and filling of holes inside detected regions, were performed to improve delineation accuracy. The segmentation result was evaluated against the lesions manually delineated by four expert observers according to the Prostate Imaging-Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) detection guideline. Results: The LADA-based classifier (60 ± 11%) achieved a higher sensitivity than the LDAbased classifier (51 ± 10%), thereby demonstrating, for the first time, that higher classification performance was attained on the reduced space generated by LADA than by LDA. Further sensitivity improvement (75 ± 14%) was obtained after post-processing, approaching the sensitivities attained by previous mpMRI lesion delineation studies in which non-clinical T2 maps were available. Conclusion The proposed algorithm delineated lesions accurately and efficiently from images acquired following the clinical protocol. The development of this framework may potentially accelerate the clinical uses of mpMRI in prostate cancer diagnosis and treatment planning.

Research Area(s)

  • prostate cancer, multiparametric MRI (mpMRI), cancer lesion delineation, locality alignment discriminant analysis (LADA)

Citation Format(s)

Prostate lesion delineation from multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging based on locality alignment discriminant analysis. / Lin, Mingquan; Chen, Weifu; Zhao, Mingbo; Gibson, Eli; Bastian-Jordan, Matthew; Cool, Derek W.; Kassam, Zahra; Liang, Huageng; Chow, Tommy W.S.; Ward, Aaron D.; Chiu, Bernard.

In: Medical Physics, Vol. 45, No. 10, 10.2018, p. 4607-4618.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal