Properties of titanium oxide biomaterials synthesized by titanium plasma immersion ion implantation and reactive ion oxidation

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Y. X. Leng
  • J. Y. Chen
  • Z. M. Zeng
  • X. B. Tian
  • P. Yang
  • N. Huang
  • Z. R. Zhou

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-577
Journal / PublicationThin Solid Films
Volume377-378
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2000

Abstract

As an artificial heart valve material, titanium oxide is superior to low temperature isotropic pyrolytic carbon in terms of mechanical properties and biocompatibility. The irregular shape of a heart valve makes conventional fabrication techniques like beam-line ion implantation and ion beam enhanced deposition (IBED) difficult. Plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) does not suffer from the line-of-sight limitation and is an excellent technique for this purpose. In this work, titanium oxide thin films are synthesized on Ti6Al4V by titanium metal PIII and oxygen PIII. By controlling the deposition/implantation rate of titanium and oxygen plasma density, TiOx films with different compositions and properties can be fabricated. The film properties are evaluated by techniques including atom force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and various mechanical testing methods. AFM results reveal that the TiOx film surface is quite dense without gross voids. The microhardness is enhanced with increasing oxygen partial pressure between the range of 0-3×10-2 Pa and reaches a maximum value of 17 GPa at an oxygen partial pressure of 3×10-2 Pa. The wear resistance is also much better than that of Ti6Al4V. In spite of our encouraging results, the TiOx films synthesized in our experiments are still too thin. In order to exploit its full potential as an artificial heart valve material, the films must be thicker. It can be achieved by using a more efficient metal arc source or by increasing the PIII duty cycle.

Citation Format(s)

Properties of titanium oxide biomaterials synthesized by titanium plasma immersion ion implantation and reactive ion oxidation. / Leng, Y. X.; Chen, J. Y.; Zeng, Z. M.; Tian, X. B.; Yang, P.; Huang, N.; Zhou, Z. R.; Chu, P. K.

In: Thin Solid Films, Vol. 377-378, 01.12.2000, p. 573-577.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review