Properties of ternary in situ polycarbonate/polybutylene terephthalate/liquid crystalline polymer composites

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1827-1835
Journal / PublicationJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1999


Ternary in situ polycarbonate (PC)/polybutylene terephthalate (PBT)/liquid crystalline polymer (LCP) composites were prepared by injection molding. The liquid crystalline polymer used was a versatile Vectra A950. The matrix of composite was composed of PC/PBT 60/40 by weight. A solid epoxy resin (bisphenol type-A) was used as a compatibilizer for the composites. Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) showed that epoxy resin was effective to improve the compatibility between PC and PBT, and between PC/PBT and LCP, respectively. Tensile tests revealed that the stiffness of composites shows little change with the LCP content up to 10 wt %. Above this concentration, the stiffness tended to increase with increasing LCP content. Furthermore, the tensile strengths appeared to increase with increasing LCP content, and their values were close to those predicted from the rule of mixtures. Scanning electron microscopic examination showed that LCP ribbons and short fibrils were developed in the composites containing LCP content ≤10 wt %. However, fine and elongated fibrils were formed in the skin and core sections of the composites when the LCP content reached 25 wt % and above. Thermogravimetric analysis indicated that the thermooxidative stability of the PC/PBT 60/40 blend tended to improve with increasing LCP content.