Production of interferon gamma and interleukin 17A in chicken T-cell subpopulations hallmarks the stimulation with live, irradiated and killed avian pathogenic Escherichia coli

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Sina Bagheri
  • Viskam Wijewardana
  • Richard Thiga Kangethe
  • Giovanni Cattoli
  • Michael Hess
  • Dieter Liebhart
  • Taniya Mitra

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number104408
Journal / PublicationDevelopmental and Comparative Immunology
Volume133
Online published4 Apr 2022
Publication statusOnline published - 4 Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes

Link(s)

Abstract

Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) causes colibacillosis with different clinical manifestations. The disease is associated with compromised animal welfare and results in substantial economic losses in poultry production worldwide. So far, immunological mechanisms of protection against colibacillosis are not comprehensively resolved. Therefore, the present study aimed to use an ex vivo model applying chicken mononuclear cells stimulated by live and inactivated APEC. For this purpose, an 8-color flow cytometry panel was set up to target viable chicken immune cells including CD45+, CD8α+, CD4+, TCR-γδ+, Bu-1+ cells and monocytes/macrophages along with the cytokines interferon gamma (IFN-γ) or interleukin 17A (IL-17A). The 8-color flow cytometry panel was applied to investigate the effect of live and two different types of inactivated APEC (formalin-killed APEC and irradiated APEC) on the cellular immune response. For that, mononuclear cells from spleen, lung and blood of 10-week-old specific pathogen-free layer birds were isolated and stimulated with live, irradiated or killed APEC. Intracellular cytokine staining and RT-qPCR assays were applied for the detection of IFN-γ and IL-17A protein level, as well as at mRNA level for spleenocytes.  Ex vivo stimulation of isolated splenocytes, lung and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from chickens with live, irradiated or killed APEC showed an increasing number of IFN-γ and IL-17A producing cells at protein and mRNA level. Phenotyping of the cells from blood and organs revealed that IFN-γ and IL-17A were mainly produced by CD8α+, TCR-γδ+ T cells as well as CD4+ T cells following stimulation with APEC. Expression level of cytokines were very similar following stimulation with live and irradiated APEC but lower when killed APEC were applied. Consequently, in the present study, an ex vivo model using mononuclear cells of chickens was applied to investigate the cellular immune response against APEC. The results suggest the relevance of IFN-γ and IL-17A production in different immune cells following APEC infection in chickens which needs to be further investigated in APEC primed birds.

Research Area(s)

  • IFN-γ, IL-17A, Flow cytometry, Intracellular cytokine staining, Colibacillosis, APEC

Citation Format(s)

Production of interferon gamma and interleukin 17A in chicken T-cell subpopulations hallmarks the stimulation with live, irradiated and killed avian pathogenic Escherichia coli. / Bagheri, Sina; Paudel, Surya; Wijewardana, Viskam; Thiga Kangethe, Richard; Cattoli, Giovanni ; Hess, Michael; Liebhart, Dieter; Mitra, Taniya.

In: Developmental and Comparative Immunology, Vol. 133, 104408, 08.2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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