PrigSim : Towards Privacy-Preserving Graph Similarity Search as a Cloud Service

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering
Publication statusOnline published - 12 Apr 2023


Graphs are widely used to model complex structured data in many applications. With the proliferation of cloud computing, it is popular to store and query graphs in the cloud. Among others, graph similarity search, which aims to retrieve from a graph database graphs similar to a query graph, has received wide attentions and benefited various domains such as cheminformatics, computer vision, and more. Deploying graph similarity search services on the cloud, however, raises critical privacy concerns on the information-rich graphs. In this paper, we initiate the first study on privacy-preserving graph similarity search in cloud computing. We design, implement, and evaluate PrigSim, a novel system allowing the cloud to host an outsourced encrypted graph database and support secure graph similarity search, where the graph similarity is measured by the well-known metric called graph edit distance. PrigSim is built from a customized and delicate synergy of insights on graph modelling, lightweight cryptography, and data encoding and padding, providing protections for the confidentiality of data content associated with graphs, as well as hiding the connections among vertices. Extensive experiments demonstrate that the security design of PrigSim is accuracy-preserving, and presents modest performance overheads (with 9×-15× higher query latency than the plaintext baseline). © 2023 IEEE.

Research Area(s)

  • Cloud computing, Computational modeling, Computer science, Cryptography, Data models, Databases, encrypted graph databases, Encryption, graph similarity search, privacy preservation