Prevalence of Bartonella species, Rickettsia felis, haemoplasmas and the Ehrlichia group in the blood of cats and fleas in eastern Australia

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • BJ Wilson
  • N Evans
  • R Gowan
  • RM Baral
  • AE Lingard
  • G Perkovic
  • JR Hawley
  • MR Lappin

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-165
Journal / PublicationAustralian Veterinary Journal
Volume88
Issue number5
Online published16 Apr 2010
Publication statusPublished - May 2010
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Objectives: To define the prevalence of Bartonella spp., Rickettsia felis, Mycoplasma haemofelis, 'Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum' (Mhm) and 'Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis' (Mtc) in cats and their fleas in eastern Australia. Design and procedure: Conventional PCR assays that detect Bartonella spp., M. haemofelis, Mhm, Mtc, Rickettsia spp., Ehrlichia spp., Anaplasma spp. and Neorickettsia spp. were performed on DNA extracted from blood and fleas collected from 111 cats. Cat sera were assayed by ELISA for IgG of Bartonella spp. Results: DNA of M. haemofelis, Mtc and Mhm was amplified from 1 (0.9%), 1 (0.9%) and 17 cats (15.3%), respectively. Only DNA of Mhm was amplified from the 62 of 111 pooled flea samples (flea sets; 55.9%). Overall, the prevalence rates for Bartonella spp. DNA in the cats and the flea sets was 16.2% (18 cats) and 28.8% (32 flea sets), respectively. Bartonella spp. IgG was detected in 42 cats (37.8%), of which 11 (26.2%) were positive for Bartonella spp. DNA in their blood. R. felis DNA was amplified from 22 flea sets (19.8%), but not from cats. Overall, DNA of one or more of the organisms was amplified from 27% (30) of cats and 67.6% (75) of the flea sets. Conclusions: This is the first Australian study to determine the prevalence of R. felis and B. clarridgeiae in both fleas and the cats from which they were collected. Flea-associated infectious agents are common in cats and fleas in eastern Australia and support the recommendation that stringent flea control be maintained on cats. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 Australian Veterinary Association.

Research Area(s)

  • Bartonella, Cats, Ctenocephalides felis, Fleas, Haemoparasites, Haemoplasmas, Mycoplasma, Rickettsia felis

Citation Format(s)

Prevalence of Bartonella species, Rickettsia felis, haemoplasmas and the Ehrlichia group in the blood of cats and fleas in eastern Australia. / Barrs, VR; Beatty, JA; Wilson, BJ; Evans, N; Gowan, R; Baral, RM; Lingard, AE; Perkovic, G; Hawley, JR; Lappin, MR.

In: Australian Veterinary Journal, Vol. 88, No. 5, 05.2010, p. 160-165.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review